Guide Culture and Customs of Singapore and Malaysia (Cultures and Customs of the World)

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While the former is the fourth largest ethnic group in the East Malaysian state, they actually make up only eight per cent of the population. For both artists, saving the rich heritage of their respective indigenous groups has been a race against time. Alena, whose father is a Kelabit and mother is an English-Italian anthropologist, began learning the sape, an instrument traditionally played only by men, at the age of And only out of sheer necessity.

When she was six, she and her cousins would perform traditional dances at small functions in Kuching. Alena Murang with her mentor Mathew Ngau Jau, who is a master sape player. Photo: Alena Murang.

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Meanwhile, Kendy grew up still surrounded by the traditional rituals of the Bidayuh tribe in Bau, a gold mining town just 45 minutes from Kuching. In fact, his late grandmother was a shaman. I think less than 30 people still practice these kinds of rituals, and most of them are from 65 to 90 years old.

This year, already two have died.

The disappearance of such rituals has been the result of cultures clashing. Since the missionaries arrived in the s, the Bidayuh have been staunch Christians who often frowned upon old rituals and ceremonies. The remaining shamans who practise old Bidayuh rituals are already old. Some are burnt. Alena recalled a similar situation when she was growing up among the Kelabit, who were also Christians.

After finishing her business degree in the UK, Alena spent a couple of years in management consulting in Kuala Lumpur before shifting careers to become an artist. It features her painting as well as audio recordings of her song lessons with the elders of the Kelabit people. Photo: Mayo Martin. Despite aiming to be a full-time visual artist, it was her sape playing that drew attention.

After doing small gigs and open mic sessions at bars in KL, she was invited to bigger events and festivals, and even got a government grant to teach sape. Meanwhile, the turning point for Kendy was taking up an art degree a decade ago, when he eventually realised that tapping into the objects, artefacts and rituals of his youth could be a way of preserving his cultural identity. Sarawak artist Kendy Mitot reimagines the traditional tipaduak totems for his installation work at the Rainforest Fringe Festival in Kuching.

Among the exhibitions at the RFF are his mixed media installations that reinterpret objects from Bidayuh rituals. The fact that all these children would have known Malay probably explains why most of the loan words in Singapore Colloquial English are from Malay. The largest group of teachers were Eurasians, and there were also many teachers from Ceylon and India. European teachers were never more than a quarter of the total teaching staff in a school, and they usually taught the senior classes. The children in these schools would have been exposed to many varieties of English.

In the first twenty years of the twentieth century, English medium education became popular for all groups. Girls started going to school in larger numbers too. By the s nearly all children went to school, and the majority were educated in English. By the s. Singapore English grew out of the English of the playground of these children of various linguistic backgrounds who were learning English at school. As more and more of its people experienced learning English at school, English became widely spoken, alongside Singapore's many other languages.

Since Singapore became an independent Republic in , the use of English has increased still further.

11 Things You Should Know About Malaysian Culture

For many Singaporeans, English is the main language. Many families speak English at home and it is one of the the first languages learnt by about half of the current pre-school children. Nearly everyone in Singapore speaks more than one language, with many people speaking three or four. Most children grow up bilingual from infancy and learn more languages as they grow up.

Naturally the presence of other languages especially various varieties of Malay and of Chinese has influenced the English of Singapore. The influence is especially apparent in the kind of English that is used informally, which is popularly called Singlish. Singlish is a badge of identity for many Singaporeans. Singapore English usually come from other languages spoken in Singapore, especially Malay and Hokkien. Speakers of Singlish are not necessarily aware of which language they are from however. Speakers of Singlish will usually end his sentence with a distinctive exclamation.

The three most common are ah, lah, ley and what.


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Culture of Malaysia - Wikipedia

With a savings account, unless the bank goes bankrupt, you are guaranteed to have your money returned, plus Advertise Contact Us Place Ad. Search Property Search Website. Singapore Culture Singapore is a cosmopolitan society where people live harmoniously and interaction among different races are commonly seen.

Religion in Singapore Most Singaporeans celebrate the major festivals associated with their respective religions. Chinese Temples Taoism, Confucianism, Buddhism, and ancestral worship are combined into a versatile mix in Chinese temples. Islam The Malays in Singapore are Muslims. Hinduism As the Indian immigrants migrate to Singapore, they brought with them Hinduism.

Christianity One will be able to find Christian churches of all denominations in Singapore.


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Others Minority faiths are not forgotten. Singlish Singapore English usually come from other languages spoken in Singapore, especially Malay and Hokkien. Example: habis - finished makan - to eat chope - to reserve something cheem - difficult, complicated ang mo - a white person rojak - mixed, a mix of liao - finished, the end kiasu - afraid to lose mentality Speakers of Singlish will usually end his sentence with a distinctive exclamation.

Examples: OK lah, bye bye. Don't like that lah. You are going there ah? No parking lots here, what. The price is too high for me lah. And then how many rooms ah?

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It is very troublesome ley. Don't be like that ley! I'm not at home lah.